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Biography

Abbreviated version, February, 2003

 

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Education

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Awards and honors

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Employment

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Other professional activities

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Publications -- books

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Publications -- articles since 1989

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Publications -- selected articles prior to 1989

 

 

David M Eddy MD Ph.D.
201 Mission Street, 29th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94105
415.490.0408

david.eddy@archimedesmodel.com

 

EDUCATION

• Ph.D., Stanford University, Engineering-Economic Systems (Applied Mathematics), 1978

• MD, University of Virginia, 1968

• BA, Stanford University, 1964

 

AWARDS AND HONORS

• Named “One of the Ten Most Important People in Managed Care”, Managed Healthcare Magazine, 1999

• Founders Award, Given for lifetime achievement by the American College of Medical Quality, 1998.

• Outcomes Leadership Award 1997. An international award given for lifetime achievement in the field of health outcomes and outcomes research. Sponsored by Novartis.

• USQA Quality Algorithm Award, 1995. A national award given for contributions to improving the quality of health care.

• ADD Science Award for Distinguished Contributions to Medicine, 1995. Sponsored by Abbott Laboratories.

• Named “One of the most respected minds in medicine”, Financial Times (London), 1994

• Finalist, 1st Annual National Institute for Health Care Management Research Award, 1994. Given for the most important paper published on the subject of managed care.

• Named one of “Twenty Movers and Shakers in Health Care”, Associated Press, 1993

• Scientific and Technological Achievement Award, Environmental Protection Agency, 1993, awarded for “Synthesis of Environmental Evidence: Nitrogen Dioxide Epidemiology Studies”. Given for the most outstanding paper published in the field of environmental studies.

• FHP Prize, 1991. An international prize given by the International Society of Technology Assessment in Health Care for the most important paper published in the journal "International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care." Given for the development of FAST*PRO and the Confidence Profile Method for synthesizing evidence.

• Conley Award—Runner-up, awarded by the American College of Hospital Administrators for the best article published during the year, 1984

• Lanchester Prize, 1980. Given by the Operations Research Society of America and the Institute of Management Science for the most important contribution to the field of Operations Research (a branch of applied mathematics). Given for the development of a mathematical theory of intermittent inspections, and the book “Screening for Cancer: Theory, Analysis, and Design.”

• Elected, Institute of Medicine/National Academy of Sciences, 1984

• Selected for front cover of Cancer Research, August, 1982

• Ph.D. awarded "With Great Distinction" (Summa cum Laude), Stanford University

• More than 50 honorary lectureships and keynote addresses

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EMPLOYMENT

Current

• Independent researcher, writer and speaker

• Senior Advisor for Health Policy and Management, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, January 1991 to present

• Chief Scientist, Blue Cross Blue Shield Association / Kaiser Permanente Technology Evaluation and Coverage (TEC) Program, 1984 to present

Previous (selected)

• Essayist, Journal of the American Medical Association, 1990 to 1996

• Director, WHO Collaborating Center for Research in Cancer Policy, 1984 to 1996

• Professor of Health Policy and Management, Duke University, 1981-1995

• Professor of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University, 1981-1995

• Special White House Employee (for Hillary Rodham Clinton’s Health Care Task Force), 1993

• J Alexander McMahon Professor of Health Policy and Management, Duke University, 1986-1995

• Director, Center for Health Policy Research and Education, Duke University, 1981-1988

• Professor, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems, School of Engineering, Stanford University, 1980-1981

• Chief, Bioengineering Research Branch, US Army Medical Research and Development Command (USAMRDC), 1971-1973

• Resident and Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Cardiovascular Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, 1969-1971

• Intern, General Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, 1968

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OTHER PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES (SELECTED)

• Committee on Performance Measurement, National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), 1996- 2001

• Performance Measurement Coordinating Council, (sponsored by the NCQA, JCAHO, and AMA), 1998- 2001

• National Dialogue on Cancer, 1999 - 2001

• Medical Coverage Advisory Committee (Executive Committee), Health Care Financing Administration, 1999 - 2001

• Several editorial boards

• Board of Directors, National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), 1992 – 1998

• National Board of Mathematics, National Academy of Sciences, 1985 – 1988

• Advisory Council, The World Organization for Science and Health, 1985 – 1996

• WHO Expert Advisory Panel on Cancer, World Health Organization, 1981 – 1996

• Board of Directors, Consumers Union, 1982 – 1987

• More than forty other national and international boards and committees

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PUBLICATIONS - Books

Eddy DM. Clinical Decision Making. From Theory to Practice. Sudbury MA, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1996. (Collection of Dr. Eddy’s essays published by the American Medical Association)

Eddy DM. A Manual for Assessing Health Practices and Designing Practice Policies. Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1992

Eddy DM, Hasselblad V, Shachter R. The Statistical Synthesis of Evidence: Meta-Analysis by the Confidence Profile Method. Boston, Academic Press, 1992 (awarded the FPH prize)

Eddy DM, Hasselblad V. FAST*PRO: Software for Meta-Analysis by the Confidence Profile Method. Boston, Academic Press, 1992

Eddy DM (Ed) Common Screening Tests. Philadelphia PA, American College of Physicians 1991

Eddy DM. Screening for Cancer: Theory, Analysis and Design. Englewood Cliffs NJ, Prentice-Hall, Inc 1980 (awarded the Lanchester Prize, 1980)

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PUBLICATIONS -- Articles (since 1989)

Eddy DM. “Evidence-based Medicine: what it is, why to use it, how to incorporate it into decision-making, Formulary, October 2002.

Eddy DM. “Archimedes: a new model for simulating health care systems: the mathematical formulation” Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 2002 35: 37-50.

Eddy DM. “The Use of Evidence and Cost Effectiveness by the Courts: How can It Help Improve Health Care?” Journal of Health Policy Politics and Law, March 2001

Eddy DM. “Who Should Determine when Health Care is Medically Necessary?.” New England Journal of Medicine, 1999 July 1;341(1):59

Eddy DM. “Performance Measurement: Problems and Solutions.” Health Affairs, July/August, 1998

Eddy DM. “Breast Cancer Screening in Women Younger than 50 years of age: What’s Next?” Annals of Internal Medicine 127: 1035 (1997).

Eddy DM. “Investigational Treatments. How Strict Should We Be?” Journal of the American Medical Association 1997; 278: 179-185

Eddy DM, Balancing Cost and Quality in Fee for Service vs. Managed Care, Health Affairs, 1997; 16: 162-173.

Eddy DM. “Benefit Language. Criteria That Will Improve Quality While Reducing Costs.” Journal of the American Medical Association 1996; 275: 650-657

Schlessinger L, Eddy DM. “The Kaiser Permanente-Sandia National Laboratory Health Care Model.” Group Practice Journal 1995; 44:14-17, 61

Eddy DM, Hasselblad V. “Analyzing Evidence by the Confidence Profile Method.” in KA McCormick, SR Moore, RA Siegel (eds) Clinical Practice Guideline Development. Methodology Perspectives. USDHHS, PHS, AHCPR, AHCPR Pub No 95-009, November 1994

Eddy DM, Hasselblad V. “Analyzing Indirect Evidence.” in KA McCormick, SR Moore, RA Siegel (eds) Clinical Practice Guideline Development. Methodology Perspectives. USDHHS, PHS, AHCPR, AHCPR Pub No 95-009, November 1994

Eddy DM. “Rationing Resources While Improving Quality: How to Get More for Less.” Journal of the American Medical Association 1994; 272: 817-328

Eddy DM. “Managing Costs by Managing Care.” The Ronald Grieve Lecture. International Federation of Health Funds Official Proceedings, 15th International Conference, Auckland NZ February 1994, pp 9-20

Eddy DM. “Health System Reform. Will Controlling Costs Require Rationing Services?” Journal of the American Medical Association 1994; 272 324-328

Eddy DM. “A Conversation With My Mother.” Journal of the American Medical Association 1994; 272:179-181

Reprinted in Washington Post, 1994.

Reprinted in “A Piece of My Mind”, Roxanne K. Young Ed. JAMA Press, 2000

Eddy DM. “Principles for Making Difficult Decisions in Difficult Times.” Journal of the American Medical Association 1994; 271:1792-1798

Eddy DM. “Practice Guidelines: What Are They, and How Are They Designed?” Section “CPI and Practice Guidelines” BC James and DM Eddy, Chapter 9 in SD Horn and DSP Hopkins (eds) Clinical Practice Improvement: A New Technology for Developing Cost-Effective Quality Health Care. Volume 1, Faulkner & Gray’s “Medical Outcomes and Practice Guidelines Library.” Washington DC, Faulkner & Gray’s Healthcare Information Center, 1994

Eddy DM. “Clinical Decision Making. From Theory to Practice.” Chapter in PR Lee, CL Estes (eds) The Nation’s Health 4th ed. Boston, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1994

Eddy DM. “Three Battles to Watch in the 1990s.” Journal of the American Medical Association 1993; 270:520-526

Eddy DM. “Broadening the Responsibilities of Practitioners. The Team Approach.” Journal of the American Medical Association 1993; 269:1849-1855

Eddy DM. “Three Battles to Watch in the 1990s.” Medicine—The Year in Review 1992 Medical News and Events, A Medical Tribune/Mosby Year Book Publication, 1993; p 335

Eddy DM. “Applying Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: The Inside Story.” Journal of the American Medical Association 1992; 268:2575-2582

Eddy DM. "Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: Will It Be Accepted?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1992; 268:132-136

Eddy DM. "Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: Is It Up to the Task?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1992; 267:3342-3348

Eddy DM. “The Seven Best Tests. David Eddy Ranks the Tests.” Harvard Health Letter Special Supplement 1992; 17:10-11

Eddy DM. “How to Speed Payment for New Treatments: Lessons from High Dose Chemotherapy and Bone Marrow Transplantation for Breast Cancer.” Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 28th Annual Meeting, May 17-19, 1992

Hasselblad V, Kotchmar DJ, Eddy DM. "Synthesis of Environmental Evidence: Nitrogen Dioxide Epidemiology Studies." Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 1992; 42:662-671

Eddy DM. “Medicine, Money, and Mathematics.” American College of Surgeons Bulletin 1992; 77:36-49

Eddy DM. "High-Dose Chemotherapy with Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation for the Treatment of Metastatic Breast Cancer." Journal of Clinical Oncology 1992; 10:657-670

Eddy DM. "Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: A Conversation with my Father." Journal of the American Medical Association 1992; 267:1669-1672, 1674-1675

Eddy DM. "How to Think About Screening" in Common Screening Tests, DM Eddy (Ed) Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1991

Eddy DM. "Oregon's Plan—Should It Be Approved?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1991; 266:2439-2441, 2443-2445

Eddy DM. "Oregon's Methods—Did Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Fail?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1991; 266:2135-2138, 2140-2141

Eddy DM. "What's Going on in Oregon?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1991; 266:417-420

Eddy DM. "The Role of Clinical Practice Policies in Quality Management." Chapter 6 in J Couch (Ed) Health Care Quality Management for the 21st Century, The American College of Physician Executives, American College of Medical Quality, Tampa FL 1991

Eddy DM. "The Individual vs Society. Resolving the Conflict." Journal of the American Medical Association 1991; 265:2399-2401, 2405-2405

Eddy DM. "The Individual vs Society: Is There a Conflict?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1991; 265:1446, 1449-1450

Eddy DM. "Uncertainty, Outcomes, and the Quality of Medical Care." Cornerstones of Health Care in the Nineties. Forging a Framework of Excellence. Proceedings, September 16-18, 1990, The Homestead, Hot Springs VA, Sponsored by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and The Prudential Insurance Company of America. Oakbrook Terrace IL, JCAHO 1991

Eddy DM. "What Care is 'Essential'? What Services are 'Basic'?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1991; 265:782, 786-788

Eddy DM. "Rationing by Patient Choice." Journal of the American Medical Association 1991; 265:105-108

Eddy DM. "Connecting Value and Cost: Whom Do We Ask and What Do We Ask Them?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 264:1737-1739

Eddy DM. "What Do We Do About Costs?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 264:1161, 1165, 1169-1170

Eddy DM. "Screening for Colorectal Cancer." Annals of Internal Medicine 1990; 113:373-384

Reprinted in Common Screening Tests, DM Eddy (Ed) Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1991

Eddy DM. "Should We Change the Rules for Evaluating Medical Technologies?" Chapter 10 in Modern Methods of Clinical Investigation, AC Gelijns (Ed) Volume 1, Medical Innovation at the Crossroads, Washington DC, National Academy Press, 1990

Eddy DM. "Resolving Conflicts in Practice Policies." Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 264:389-391

Eddy DM. "Screening for Cervical Cancer." Annals of Internal Medicine 1990; 113:214-226

Reprinted in Common Screening Tests, DM Eddy (Ed) Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1991

Eddy DM. "The Role of Meta-Analysis" in AHCPR Conference Proceedings, L Sechrest, E Perrin, Bunker (Eds) "Research Methodology: Strengthening Causal Interpretations of Nonexperimental Data." USDHHS PHS AHCPR 1990

Eddy DM. "Designing a Practice Policy. Standards, Guidelines, and Options" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:3077-3084

Eddy DM. "Comparing Benefits and Harms: The Balance Sheet" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:2493-2505

Eddy DM. "Guidelines for Policy Statements" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:2239-2243

Eddy DM, Hasselblad V, Shachter R. "A Bayesian Method for Synthesizing Evidence: The Confidence Profile Method." (awarded FHP Prize, 1991) International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 1990; 6:31-55

Eddy DM. "Practice Policies: Guidelines for Methods" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:1839-1841

Eddy DM. "Decisions without Information." Harvard Community Health Plan Annual Report 1989. 1990; 5-9

Melton LJ III, Eddy DM, Johnston CC. "Screening for Osteoporosis." Annals of Internal Medicine 1990; 112:516-528

Reprinted in Common Screening Tests, DM Eddy (Ed) Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1991

Eddy DM. "Practice Policies: Where Do They Come From?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:1265, 1269, 1272, 1275

Eddy DM. "Practice Policies—What Are They?" Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:877, 878, 880

Eddy DM. "Anatomy of a Decision." Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:441-443

Eddy DM. "The Challenge." Journal of the American Medical Association 1990; 263:287-290

Shachter R, Eddy DM, Hasselblad V. "An Influence Diagram Approach to Medical Technology Assessment" in RM Oliver, JQ Smith (Eds) Influence Diagrams, Belief Nets and Decision Analysis, London, JH Wiley, 1990

Eddy DM, Hasselblad V, Shachter R. "An Introduction to a Bayesian Method for Meta-Analysis: The Confidence Profile Method." Medical Decision Making 1990; 10:15-23

Reprinted in Modern Methods of Clinical Investigation, AC Gelijns (Ed) Volume 1, Medical Innovation at the Crossroads, Washington DC, National Academy Press, 1990

Eddy DM. "Selecting Technologies for Assessment." International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 1989; 5:485-501

Shachter R, Eddy DM, Hasselblad V, Wolpert R. "A Heuristic Bayesian Approach to Knowledge Acquisition: Application to Analysis of Tissue-Type Plasminogen Activator." Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Uncertainty in AI. Seattle WA, 1987; 229-236

Eddy DM. "Screening for Breast Cancer." Annals of Internal Medicine 1989; 111:389-399

Reprinted in Common Screening Tests, DM Eddy (Ed) Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1991

Reprinted in Selected Readings in General Surgery 1990

Eddy DM. "Screening for Lung Cancer." Annals of Internal Medicine 1989; 111:232-237

Reprinted in Common Screening Tests, DM Eddy (Ed) Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1991

Adar R, Critchfield GC, Eddy DM. "A Confidence Profile Analysis of the Results of Femoropopliteal Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in the Treatment of Lower-Extremity Ischemia." Journal of Vascular Surgery 1989; 10:57-67

Eddy DM. "The Confidence Profile Method: A Bayesian Method for Assessing Health Technologies." Operations Research 1989; 37:210-228

Eddy DM. "Selecting Technologies for Assessment." Int J Technol Asses Health Care 1989:5(4):485-501.

Eddy DM. "Getting a Handle on Uncertainties in Medical Practice." Internist. 1989:Jan 30(1):16-20.

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PUBLICATIONS -- Selected articles prior to 1989

Eddy DM, Hasselblad V, McGivney W, Hendee W. "The Value of Mammography Screening in Women under Age 50." Journal of the American Medical Association 1988; 259:1512-1519

Eddy DM. "The Quality of Medical Evidence: Implications for Quality of Care." Health Affairs. 1988 Spring; 7(1): 19-32.).

Eddy DM, Wolpert RL, Rosenberg ML. "Estimating the Effectiveness of Interventions to Prevent Youth Suicides." Medical Care 1987; 25:S57-S65

Eddy DM. "The Frequency of Cervical Cancer Screening. Comparison of a Mathematical Model with Empirical Data." Cancer 1987; 60:1117-1122

Eddy DM, Nugent FW, Eddy JF, et al. "Screening for Colorectal Cancer in a High-Risk Population. Results of a Mathematical Model." Gastroenterology 1987; 92:682-692

Eddy DM, Nugent FW, Eddy JF, Coller J. Gilbertsen V, Gottlieb LS, Rice R, Sherlock P. Winawer S. "Screening for Colorectal Cancer in a High-risk Population: Results of a Mathematical Model. "Gastroenterology. 1987 March; 92(3):682-92.

Eddy DM. "CAN*TROL: A Computer Model for Designing National Cancer Control Strategies.."Bull Cancer. 1987;74(3):323-32.

Eddy DM. "Secondary Prevention of Cancer: An Overview." Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1986; 64:421-429

Eddy DM. “Medicine, Money and Mathematics.” Bull American College of Surgeons, June;77(6):36-49

Eddy DM. "A Computer-Based Model for the Design of Cancer Control Strategies." National Cancer Institute Monographs 1986; 2:75-82

Levin DL, Gail MH, Kessler LG, Eddy DM. "A Model for Projecting Cancer Incidence and Mortality in the Presence of Prevention, Screening, and Treatment Programs." National Cancer Institute Monographs 1986; 2:83-93

Eddy DM. "Successes and Challenges of Medical Decision Making." Health Affairs 1986; 5:108-115

Stjernswärd J, Stanley K, Eddy DM, et al. " National Cancer Control Programs and Setting Priorities." Cancer Detection and Prevention 1986; 9:113-124

Eddy DM. "Setting Priorities for Cancer Control Programs." Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1986; 76:187-199

Eddy DM. "Technology Assessment: The Role of Mathematical Modeling." Section in Assessing Medical Technologies, Institute of Medicine, Washington DC, National Academy Press, 1985

Eddy DM. "Variations in Physician Practice. The Role of Uncertainty." Health Affairs 1984; 3:74-89 (Honorable Mention, Conley Award, 1984)

Reprinted in PR Lee, CL Estes (Eds) The Nation's Health (3rd ed). Boston, Jones and Bartlett, 1990, pp 347-355

Eddy DM. "A Mathematical Model for Timing of Repeated Medical Tests." Medical Decision Making 1983; 3:45-62

Reprinted in Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, Supplement 171, 1984

Eddy DM, Sanders L, Eddy JF. "The Value of Screening for Glaucoma with Tonometry." Survey of Ophthalmology 1983; 28:194-205

Eddy DM. "Finding Cancer in Asymptomatic People." Cancer 1983; 51:2440-2445. Reprinted in "Cancer Screening: The Most Effective Cure." H Eyre (Ed) Network for Continuing Medical Education, 1986

Eddy DM. "Flying Without Instruments: Analyzing Medical Policies by Consensus and Expert Opinion." The John A Hartford Foundation Bulletin, Winter 1983

Eddy DM. "Probabilistic Reasoning in Clinical Medicine: Problems and Opportunities." Chapter in

D Kahneman, P Slovic and A Tversky (Eds) Judgement under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. New York, Cambridge University Press, 1982

Eddy DM. "Clinical Policies and the Quality of Clinical Practice." New England Journal of Medicine 1982; 307:343-347

Eddy DM, Shwartz M. "The Application of Mathematical Models in Screening." Chapter in D Schottenfeld, J Fraumeni (Eds) Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. WB Saunders Company, 1982

Eddy DM. Clanton C. "The Art of Diagnosis: Solving the Clinicopathological Exercise." New England Journal of Medicine 1982; 306:1263-1268

Eddy DM. "The Economics of Cancer Prevention and Detection: Getting More for Less. "Cancer. 1981 Mar 1;47(5 Suppl):1200-9..

Eddy DM. "Detection of Lung Cancer." JAMA.1981 Aug 7;246 (6):621-2.

Eddy DM. "Appropriateness of Cervical Cancer Screening." Gynecologic Oncology 1981 Oct 12: S168-S187

Eddy DM. "The Economics of Cancer Prevention and Detection." Cancer 1981; 47:1200-1209

Eddy DM. "Guidelines for the Cancer-Related Checkup. Recommendations and Rationale." Ca-A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 1980; 30:193-240

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Biography • Top 10 papers • Top 10 projects • Top disappointments • Markov models

 

 

David M Eddy © 2003
All Rights Reserved
Email:  david.eddy@archimedesmodel.com